1. Researchers say that jogging alone is unhealthy.
P. It was found that communal joggers have double the number of brain cells as solo runners.
Q. These positive effects are suppressed when running occurs in isolation.
R. Experiments indicated that running alone stifles brain cell regeneration.
S. Experienced in a group, running stimulates brain cell growth.
6. However, joggers around the world should remember that jogging is healthier than the rat race.
1. India is rapidly coming under the influence of western culture.
P. Earlier India had its own moral and social values.
Q. This change can be seen in our education system, marriages, food habits and daily
R. But today they have changed enormously.
S. The effect of westernization is visible everywhere in India.
6. It may be harmful to forget our culture and values completely.
1. In a first, a robotic exoskeleton device has enabled a 39- year old former athlete, who had been completely paralysed for four years
P. This is the first time that a person with chronic, complete paralysis has regained enough voluntary control to actively work with a robotic device.
Q. The athlete’s leg movement also resulted in other health benefits.
R. to control his leg muscles and take thousands of steps.
S. In addition to the device, the man was aided by a novel non-invasive spinal stimulation technique that does not require surgery.
6. including improved cardio vascular function and muscle tone.
1. Katherine Mansfield was born in Wellington, New Zealand.
P. In 1908 she went back to the London which she felt to be her spiritual home.
Q. She was sent to Queen’s College School, London in her fifteenth year to ‘finish’ her education.
R. She remained there for four years.
S. Soon after returning to New Zealand, she became dissatisfied.
6. She hoped to make a literary career there.
1. The Pyramids are beautiful enormous structures.
P. A mummy is the dead body of a human being to which oils and spices have been applied to prevent it from decaying.
Q. They are the tombs of the old kings of Egypt who were called the Pharaohs.
R. These mummies were placed inside these great Pyramids.
S. The bodies of the Pharaohs were made into mummies when they died.
6. Near them, were placed, gold, silver, food, furniture and other things because it was believed that the mummies might require them after death.
1. Children like to celebrate their birthday.
P. In addition to birthday presents, they also receive greetings.
Q. It provides an opportunity for them to enjoy themselves with their friends.
R. The birthday presents also add to their joy.
S. Nobody can deny that company of friends is joyful.
6. All these factors make birthday worth celebrating.
1. Designing is as natural to me as breathing.
P. It was then that I launched my own label.
Q. It’s been a good season so far.
R. But my career took off only after the birth of my second child.
S. Right now, I’m busy with my first store.
6. Next month, I’ll be going to New York.
1. The world leaders,
P. that the despotic regime will try to get
Q. by unleashing cruder violence that may come
R. gathered in the peace-conference, were unanimous in voicing their fears
S. over its palpable sense of insecutity
6. in the form of the use of chemical weapons.
1. Glorious tributes were paid
P. who, after fighting a battle
Q. the original superstar of Bollywood
R. passed away last month
S. to the legendary Rajesh Khanna.
6. at his residence in Mumbai.
1. A volcano is an opening or rupture in a planet’s surface.
P. Erupting volcanoes can pose many hazards.
Q. This opening allows magma, ash and gases to escape from below the surface.
R. Volcanic ash can be a threat to aircraft.
S. Volcanoes are generally found where tectonic plates are diverging or converging.
6. Historically, so-called volcanic winters have caused catastrophic famines.